Industry Glossary

Industry Glossary

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Term Definition
Igneous rocks
Rocks formed by the solidification of molten material from far below the earth's surface.
Ilmenite
An ore mineral of titanium, being an iron-titanium oxide.
Immediate roof
The roof strata immediately above the coalbed, requiring support during the excavation of coal.
In situ
In the natural or original position. Applied to a rock, soil, or fossil when occurring in the situation in which it was originally formed or deposited.
Inby
In the direction of the working face.
Incline
Any entry to a mine that is not vertical (shaft) or horizontal (adit). Often incline is reserved for those entries that are too steep for a belt conveyor (+17 degrees -18 degrees), in which case a hoist and guide rails are employed. A belt conveyor incline is termed a slope. Alt: Secondary inclined opening, driven upward to connect levels, sometimes on the dip of a deposit; also called inclined shaft.
Incompetent
Applied to strata, a formation, a rock, or a rock structure not combining sufficient firmness and flexibility to transmit a thrust and to lift a load by bending.
Indicated coal resources
Coal for which estimates of the rank, quality, and quantity have been computed partly from sample analyses and measurements and partly from reasonable geologic projections. The points of observation are _ to 1 _ miles apart. Indicated coal is projected to extend as an _ mile wide belt that lies more than _ mile from the outcrop or points of observation or measurement.
Induced polarization
A method of ground geophysical surveying employing an electrical current to determine indications of mineralization.
Industrial minerals
Non-metallic, non-fuel minerals used in the chemical and manufacturing industries. Examples are asbestos, gypsum, salt, graphite, mica, gravel, building stone and talc.
Inferred coal resources
Coal in unexplored extensions of the demonstrated resources for which estimates of the quality and size are based on geologic evidence and projection. Quantitative estimates are based largely on broad knowledge of the geologic character of the deposit and for which there are few, if any, samples or measurements. The estimates are based on an assumed continuity or repletion of which there is geologic evidence; this evidence may include comparison with deposits of similar type. Bodies that are completely concealed may be included if there is specific geologic evidence of their presence. The points of observation are 1 _ to 6 miles apart.
Intake
The passage through which fresh air is drawn or forced into a mine or to a section of a mine.
Intermediate rock
An igneous rock containing 52% to 66% quartz.
Intermediate section
A term used in belt and chain conveyor network to designate a section of the conveyor frame occupying a position between the head and foot sections.
Intrusive
A body of igneous rock formed by the consolidation of magma intruded into other rocks, in contrast to lavas, which are extruded upon the surface.
Ion exchange
An exchange of ions in a crystal with irons in a solution. Used as a method for recovering valuable metals, such as uranium, from solution.
Isopach
A line, on a map, drawn through points of equal thickness of a designated unit. Synonym for isopachous line; isopachyte.

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